Traditional Educational Institutions in Child Education in Sierra Leone

Traditional Educational Institutions in Child Education in Sierra Leone


Sierra Leone is limited to the north-west, north, and north-east by the Republic Guinea, on the south-east by the Republic of Liberia and on the south-west by the Atlantic Ocean. It has a zone of 27,925 square miles. The province of Sierra Leone started in the deal and session in 1787 by the local boss to English pioneers of a real estate parcel planned as a home for African pilgrims who were whithered strays in London and later it was utilized as a settlement for liberated African slaves. The hinterland was announced as a British Protectorate on 21st August 1896. Sierra Leone accomplished autonomy on 27th April 1961 and turned into a Republic in 1971. Training is given by both private and state-supported schools. The present arrangement of training is 6-3-4-4 (that is six years Primary school, three years Junior Secondary School, four years Senior Secondary School and four years tertiary/advanced education. This framework is supplemented by non-formal training.


Training is as often as possible utilized in the feeling of guidance in the study hall, lab, workshop or residential science room and comprises mainly in the granting by the instructor, and the procurement by students, of data and mental just as manual aptitudes. More extensive importance than guidance is that of tutoring. In other words, all that goes on inside the school as a component of the student's life there. It incorporates, in addition to other things, the connection among understudies and educators, students and students both in and outside the school. J. S. Plant (1931) opined that whatever shapes the person; to make the individual what he is or upset him from being what he isn't is a piece of his training. Verifiably training is long-lasting and universal; it is the aggregate of all impacts which go to make an individual what he is, from birth to death. It incorporates the home, our neighbors, and the road among others.

Instruction is somewhat an intentionally arranged procedure formulated and directed by the teacher with the reason for saturating the student with certain data, aptitudes, psyche, and body just as methods of conduct thought about attractive. Partially it is the student's very own reaction to the earth wherein he lives. Instruction has three central focuses: the individual/individual upon whom the instructor's persuasions are brought to endure; the general public or network to which he has a place; and the entire setting of reality inside which the individual and society have their influence. Man is a social animal; he develops as an individual through the effect of character on character; and notwithstanding his fundamental physical needs, he relies upon the assistance and collaboration of his kindred people. Without society and the common help and enhancement of encounters which it gives human progress is incomprehensible and the life of man, in Hobbes' words, is "singular, poor, awful, brutish and short."

One of the major actualities of human presence is the strain between the draw of the past and the forward inclination into the future, among strength and change, custom and development. For a powerful living, man needs a hover of security, a region of built-up propensities and a relationship that structures reliable connections. This is likewise valid for society. For its compelling working, there must be a fundamental progression of conventions and standpoint which jam its way of life as a general public and shields it against the troublesome impacts of progress. Change must be forever and not static but rather this adjustment thus should be constrained by the fundamental customs of society. It is a custom that gives a country its character and peculiarity as the general public. The protection of convention hence is clearly essential.

It has been perceived from days of yore that the protection of conventional training has an essential part to play in the advancement of the kid. The offspring of today are the grown-ups of tomorrow; they should be prepared subsequently, to acquire and sustain the convictions and methods of life curious to the specific culture to which they have a place. For each general public wants to save itself physically as well as network intentionally sharing certain points, standards and examples of conduct. This sort of training isn't really formal in schools by methods for study hall guidance however that affected by implication through the family and through the effect on the person of social impacts and traditions which the tyke can't dodge. In Sierra Leone, this social instruction included expounding functions of commencement including accomplishments of perseverance in which young fellows and ladies must substantiate themselves deserving of the network. A definitive objective was to create a person who was straightforward, deferential, gifted, helpful, and who could adjust to the social request of the day. As Aristotle once expressed "the constitution of a state will endure if training is dismissed. The natives of a state ought to consistently be taught to suit the constitution of the state. The kind of character suitable to a constitution is the power which keeps on continuing it as it is additionally the state power which initially made it" (p. I).


Customary training has both an innovative and protection work in the public arena; it is an incredible method for saving a general public's traditions, if not culture. In the past, the nature and necessities of society had an essential influence in deciding the idea of training. Educator M.V.C. Jeffreys (1950) once wrote in his book, Glaucon, that "in a peaceful society the instructive framework will in general mirror the social example, while social uneasiness and unsteadiness make an open door for utilizing training as an instrument of social change"(p.7). A comparable view was shared by John Dewey (1897) who opined that through training society can figure its own motivations, can sort out its very own methods and assets and along these lines spare itself with definiteness and economy toward the path in which it wishes to move. The training looks both to the past and the future; unavoidably it mirrors the customs and character of society. Conventional instruction can be utilized to plan for changes in the public arena and envision and anticipate changes or the impacts of changes in the public arena.

Customary training moderates and hands-on the traditions and lifestyles which establish the character of the general public and keeps up its solidarity. It additionally causes society to decipher its capacities in better approaches to address the difficulties of progress, looking for ways or lines of advancement which are reliable with the conventions and traditions and will in the meantime raise society to the increasingly complete satisfaction of itself.


History uncovers that there were no formal schools where youngsters were instructed in Pre-pioneer Sierra Leone. The Poro and Bondo/Sande Secret Societies were viewed as establishments to prepare youngsters. They were shrub schools. What's more, the instruction these shrubbery schools gave was casual. Youngsters who experienced these mystery social orders were viewed as equipped for completing their city obligations. They progressed toward becoming grown-ups and can wed and begin life. They thought about themselves as one family. At the end of the day, both Secret Societies made a feeling of comradeship and solidarity among individuals regardless of family, faction or ethnic association. It was in this way thought about that kid who had not experienced these mystery social orders were not completely developed.

The Poro Secret Society is for young men. The profound leader of the Poro Society is Pa Gbonu, seen distinctly by the more established alumni or individuals. The physical heads are the Pa Sama Yorgbors and Pa Romanos. They direct the exercises of the establishment. The senior educators are the Pa Kashis, who by and large educate and offer directions to different initiators. The Pa Manchiyas fill in as educators to the starts while the Kachemak is the startling spirit. They alarm the ladies and kids alike together with the new starts. The Rakas are the errand young men bearing messages. The Yamba is the head of young men. The Bomos are the senior administrators while the Sayboms are the regents, and the screens are the Gbanaboms. Casual classes are held in the Secret Poro Bush. The subjects showed incorporate Creative Practical Arts, Performing Arts, Practical Agriculture, Medicine for example utilization of neighborhood herbs for the treatment of various sicknesses), fighting and different abilities. In Creative Practical Arts starts are instructed how to make angling nets, bins, tangles, and cutting wood and cleanser stones into various items, for example, creatures and people; in Performing Arts starts are shown singing, moving and the utilization of Poro melodic instruments. In Practical Agriculture starts work on cultivating. Young men are educated to hold up under hardship without objection and become used to it. Subsequently, they are taken to the ranches of their educators and older folks to deal with the professional Bono premise. Anyway during the collect season starts could go through these ranches taking whatever they need and eat without being addressed by homestead proprietors. Starts are educated to regard seniors and the utilization of weapons to execute creatures. In a comparable vein, starts are instructed how to utilize weapons in battling with regards to their networks. Different abilities starts are educated incorporate making fish traps, angling and chasing net, and basketry. In the utilization of herbs starts to pay cash (some openly given) for mending different afflictions just as for assurance against foes, underhanded spirits, and snake nibbles. Stars who need to make hurt others utilizing herbs could 'recover' the herb/medication concerned. Overall starts have instructed another Language verbally expressed uniquely by individuals called Ke Sonor. For instance, folks trike meaning I am conversing with you; Wonka Bonomi significance Talk to me. The utilization of this new Language makes graduates glad and feel unique in relation to non-starts. Graduates turn out with new names, for example, Lamp, Langba and Kohler. A graduation function peaks the occasion.
Traditional Educational Institutions in Child Education in Sierra Leone Traditional Educational Institutions in Child Education in Sierra Leone Reviewed by Imran Aslam on 1:32 AM Rating: 5

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